Animal Breeding and Genetics

This section aims to provide new methods and strategies to improve livestock production, dairy and beef cattle, sheep, poultry (meat-type, egg-type and local birds) and honey bee. Some important topics can be pursued by students interested in genetics and biotechnology.

 

Quantitative genetics

  • Improving economical traits (production, reproductive performance and survival traits).  
  • Developing the methods to evaluate and subsequently, streamline the research in livestock breeding to study the problems limiting genetic improvement. 
  • Studying the effect of genetic factors on the functioning of farm animals and optimum breeding schemes for selection.
  • Conducting genetic analyses of commercial populations to get insight into the impact of both genetic and environmental sources on the economic traits.
  • Addressing genetic variation and genetic correlations between the traits.

 

Genomics and molecular genetics

  • Identification of candidate genes involved in livestock using new techniques.
  • Bovine gene mapping and DNA sequencing.
  • The study of the candidate genes and genetic variation in the quantitative traits.
  • Methods and experimental designs for the detection of important QTL in farm animals for practical breeding programs.
  • The use of different biometric approaches for the genetic ranking of breeding animals, including new tools, e.g. DNA information.
  • The use of statistical genetic methods to evaluate candidate animals based on genetic models.
  • Identification and development of PCR-based molecular markers linked to the improvement of genetic resistance to important diseases, e.g. mastitis.
  • Bioinformatic methods for the integrated analysis of genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic, and phenotypic information.
  • Diversity and conservation genetics studies of local breeds using morphological characters and DNA markers.

 

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